To Cloth or Not to Cloth….. Part 2 By Midwife Alinta

A while ago I wrote Part One to this blog, if you haven’t read it yet you can read it here.

Part Two is going to try and explain to you some of the language behind MCN’s (Modern Cloth Nappies).

The different types of cloth nappies:



All-In-One Nappy (AIO)

All-in-ones are fitted nappies that have an outer waterproof layer built-in and don’t require a separate cover. AIOs are a convenient nappy for quick and easy changes. Sometimes they have less absorbent layers than fitted nappies (to speed drying time) and usually come with a booster. A true AIO has the soaker pad permanently attached. They are the most similar to a disposable nappy.

Pocket Nappy

Pocket nappies consist of an outer fitted shell sewn to a liner leaving a “pocket” at the top, pocket nappies allow for adjustment of the absorbency level by changing how much absorbent material is stuffed into the nappy. The water-resistant shell might be PUL (polyurethane laminated fabric) with a high quality fleece or suede cloth. Pocket nappies can be stuffed with anything absorbent! Inserts may be specially made stuff-ins, bamboo, cotton, hemp flats or prefolds, washcloths, bathmats, microfiber cloths, or basically anything absorbent!

Booster – Extra material (bamboo, hemp, terry etc..) used in any nappy to provide extra absorbency.

Insert – A long piece of material, sometimes bamboo or microfiber, that folds in half, and snaps into the nappy to provide absorbency.

Trifold – A square of fabric, mainly bamboo, folded into 3, that either snaps into the shell of a nappy, or can be “stuffed” inside a pocket.

Some of the words you may see:

Fluff– The slang word for cloth nappies

OSFM– Stands for One Size Fits Most, meaning there are button snaps to adjust the size of the nappy to fit your baby from birth to toilet training.

Wicking– The process of moisture moving through the fabric, away from your baby’s skin.

Bonnibuns display girlThe different types of fabrics that can be used:


Yarn made from the bamboo plant that is woven into a fleece. It is very soft to touch, very absorbent, about 6 x more absorbent than cotton! It is naturally antifungal and antibacterial. Bamboo is a highly renewable resource making this fabric very environmentally friendly.

Polyurethane Laminate (PUL)

Is a laminate that is applied to fabric to make it waterproof. It is great because it still allows the fabric to breath. This is really important for your little ones skin to help avoid those awful rashes.


Soft synthetic fabric. The material is Hydrophobic, meaning that it does not absorb any liquid and remains dry to touch. Fleece is used inside nappies because it wicks moisture away from baby’s skin to keep it dry.


A poly fabric that is super soft to touch. Often used on the outer side of nappies and lined with PUL to make it waterproof.

Hopefully I have cleared up any questions you may have had when you see any of these words.

Bonnibuns workhorseThe beautiful Bonny from www.bonnibuns.com.au has kindly offered a FREE (winner to pay postage as per Facebook’s rules) nappy to one of our subscribers!

If you’re not subscribed to receive our email reminders about our blogs I would suggest joining now!


(This article contains general information only and is not intended to replace advice from a qualified health professional. All information is written from the experience and knowledge of the person writing the post).

*All information is sourced from www.bonnibuns.com.au